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Facts and Figures

Operator Carmelit
System Type Metro-Funicular
Year Opened 1956
# of Lines 1
# of Cars 2 2 car trains
Mileage 1.8 km
Stations 6
Power Cable
Fare Media Tickets
Website Carmelit
Data Date 2008
1st Visit 8/2008
Last Visit 8/2008
% Rode 100%

Asia Transit > Israel 


 Haifa is Israel's 3rd largest city and its main port on the Mediterranean. It is a city built on a hill. Mt Carmel is at is center. In 1956 the Carmelit underground line opened linking lower downtown with near the top of Mt. Carmel.

It is considered the world's smallest subway system (not shortest line). It is really an underground Funicular line. There are two trains connected to a cable. They run on the same track with the exception of a passing tracks in the middle of the line. The stations are even spaced since the trains must both stop at the same time. The grade the line climbs progressively gets steeper. Even with the cars built with steps, the cars gradually angle steeper at each station.

The line was closed for several years, but was refurbished and reopened. The line is always threatened with closure due to low patronage.

The entrance to the Paris Square station, the station at the bottom of the hill in downtown. (8/22/08) The Turnstile entrance to Paris Square (8/22/08)
The train at Paris Square. The line is single track. Boarding it on the left, alighting is on the left. (8/22/08) This is the alighting side of the train at Paris Square
Looking up the tunnel. Note the steps the cable between the running rails. (8/22/08) Train entering the station at Paris Square. (8/22/08)
A view of Paris Square towards the bumper block. Note the steps. Compare the steps here to Carmel Center. (8/22/08) The line map from inside the car. (8/22/08)
Inside the car. Note the elevation change thru the car. (8/22/08) The entrance to Carmel Center station, the station at the top of the hill, end of the line. (8/22/08)
Train departing Carmel Center (8/22/08) Looking down the station and tunnel at Carmel Center. (8/22/08)
Note the steepness of Carmel Center Station, Compare it to Paris Square at the other end of the line. Train at Carmel Center. The train is still at a steeper angle than this steep station. (8/22/08)

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